Differences in Japanese Martial Arts Names: From Aikido to Jujutsu

Differences in Japanese Martial Art Names

 

The Difference Between “Budō” and “Bujutsu”

Budō

bu

war

Translation:

martial way, way of war

way, path

Bujutsu

bu

war

Translation:

science of war, martial craft

jutsu

technique

Budō focuses a lot on a “way of life” or a path. The word tends to refer to the more philosophical aspect of martial arts.

 

Bujutsu focuses on the technique and physical aspect of fighting. The study of bujutsu is a study on how to best defeat an enemy.

The Differences Among “Daitō-ryū Aiki-jūjutsu”, “Aikido”, “Jūjutsu”, and “Judo”

Daitō

title of a mansion

Translation:

Great Eastern School

ryū

school

ai

joining, unifying, combing, fit

Translation:

to fit, join, or combine energy

 

Note: Not usually used outside of martial settings

ki

spirit, energy, mood, morale

gentle, soft, supple, flexible, pliable, or yielding

Translation:

art of gentleness

jutsu

art, technique

ai

joining, unifying, combining, fit

Translation:

way of combining forces

ki

spirit, energy, mood, morale

do

way, practice

gentle, soft, supple, flexible, pliable, or yielding

Translation:

gentle way

do

way, practice

Daitō-ryū Aiki-jūjutsu was created circa 1900. The founder, Takeda Sokaku taught Morihei Ueshiba, the founder of aikido.

 

There are very few Aiki-jūjutsu records on the early schools, but the Daitō school can be traced to the early 1100’s.

 

Aikido and Jujutsu both originated from Aiki-jūjutsu. Aikido diverged from Daitō-ryū Aiki-jūjutsu in the late 1920’s. Jujutsu is considered the “hard” style of Aiki-jūjutsu, and was used by the military in the early 1600s.

 

Jigoro Kano founded judo in 1882. It originated from jujutsu.

 

At the Ann Arbor Japanese Martial Arts Center, we teach Judo, Nihon Jujutsu, Iaido, and Karate.

For more information, call us at (734) 720-0330 or email info@japanesemartialartscenter.com.


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